Chandrayaan 3 is the proposed third lunar exploration mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). The mission’s primary goal is to attempt a soft landing on the Moon, similar to the Chandrayaan 2 mission, but with improved technology and lessons learned from previous attempts.
Chandrayaan 2, launched in July 2019, consisted of an orbiter, a lander named Vikram, and a rover named Pragyan. While the orbiter successfully continues to study the Moon from orbit, the lander Vikram crash-landed during its attempted soft landing.
Chandrayaan 3 was planned to focus solely on achieving a successful soft landing and rover deployment on the lunar surface. However, I don’t have information beyond September 2021. If there have been any developments or changes since then, I recommend checking the latest news sources or ISRO’s official website for the most up-to-date information on Chandrayaan 3.
About Chandrayaan 2
Chandrayaan 2 was India’s second lunar exploration mission, launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) with the primary goal of exploring the Moon’s south pole region. The mission was a follow-up to the Chandrayaan 1 mission, which was launched in 2008 and had a significant impact on lunar science.
Chandrayaan 2 consisted of three components:
- Orbiter: The orbiter was designed to orbit the Moon and perform remote sensing observations. It was equipped with a suite of scientific instruments to study various aspects of the Moon, including its surface composition, mineralogy, exosphere, and more. The orbiter’s mission was to provide data for at least one year.
- Vikram Lander: The lander was designed to make a soft landing on the lunar surface near the south pole. It carried the Pragyan rover and scientific instruments to study the Moon’s surface, analyze soil samples, and understand its topography and composition.
- Pragyan Rover: The rover was housed within the Vikram lander and was intended to be deployed on the Moon’s surface. Pragyan was designed to move on wheels and conduct experiments to analyze the lunar soil and send back valuable data.
The Chandrayaan 2 mission was launched on July 22, 2019, using the GSLV Mk III-M1 launch vehicle. The orbiter successfully entered lunar orbit and began sending back valuable data about the Moon. However, during the landing attempt on September 6, 2019, the Vikram lander lost communication with ISRO, and it was later confirmed that the lander had crash-landed.
Despite the setback with the lander, the Chandrayaan 2 mission’s orbiter has continued to provide important scientific data from its orbit around the Moon.
For the most up-to-date information or any developments that may have occurred since September 2021, I recommend visiting ISRO’s official website or reliable news sources.